Throughout human history, Jews have endured the real-feel temperatures of a dystopian existence more so, and more consistently, than anyone else. Paradoxically, the same people, throughout different time periods, participated in humankind’s enlightenment, and also, sometimes simultaneously, were its most tragic victims. Crimes against humanity are tragically part of the human condition, but Jews have suffered more than their fair share—and, in fact, it was at the Nuremberg Tribunals, which were established to bring justice primarily to Jews, where such crimes were first named.